Foreign trade statistics (updated August 2018)

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Some useful definitions:

 

Which statistics are at your service?


The statistical data concern all the import and export transactions carried out between Algeria and the various partner countries.

They are based on the Automated Customs Information and Management System (S.I.G.A.D), based on the information from the customs declaration.

Algeria's foreign trade statistics are published periodically by the National Center for Informatics and Statistics (CNIS).

The basic principles of foreign trade statistics:

We speak of import for:

Goods coming from abroad that are declared for consumption:

• at their direct arrival from abroad,
• following deposit, direct transit, transhipment,
• at the exit of the warehouses,


The bunkering of ships registered in Algeria,

Shipbuilding,

Goods re-imported, after temporary export abroad

 

We speak of export for:

goods of Algerian origin are exported,

foreign goods admitted in duty free or nationalized by the payment of duties and taxes and in free circulation on the domestic market, are re-exported.

 

The following are excluded from these denominations:

• Imports relating to the effects and personal effects of travelers,
• Vehicles imported by individuals,
• Inward and outward processing traffic,
• Imports and exports worth less than 500 AD,
• Samples, donations, means of payment ..

 

The origin of goods:

During import processing, the goods are taken from the account of the country of origin, as defined by the Customs Code

The used values :

  • • C.A.F import values, including transportation and insurance costs for the trip done abroad;
  • • F.O.B export values

The quantities :

• Are expressed in kilograms,
• In complementary units of measurement: the number, the pair, the meter, for certain categories of goods.

 

CIF : Imports of goods are valued in CIF ie Cost Insurance Freight, excluding customs duties and VAT. The CIF price is therefore the price of the goods delivered at the border of the importing country before payment of import duties and other taxes on imports and before payment of trade and transport margins within the country.

FOB : Exports of goods are valued in FOB, ie Free On Board, or the price of the goods at the border of the exporting country. The FOB price includes the basic price of the goods, the transport and distribution services to the border of the exporting country, the net taxes of subsidies paid in the exporting country.

 

Source: MINISTRY OF FINANCE. GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF CUSTOMS

 

 

Principal products imported by Algeria :


Evolution years (2005- 2017)

 

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Evolution by user groups period (2016/2017)

 

Evolution of imported products by algeria by user groups period 2016/2017:


Total Listing: [Read more]


Detailed by group:

   1. Food [Read more]

2. Energy and lubricants [Read more]

      3. Gross products [Read more]

      4. Half products [Read more]

      5. Agricultural equipment goods [Read more]

      6. Industrial equipement goods [Read more]

     7.Non-food goods for consumption[Read more]

 

 

 

 

Principal products exported by Algeria:

Exports outside hydrocarbons during the year 2017 / by group of use
 

 

  Foreign trade statistics of Algeria: (Period: Year 2018)(updated July 2019)

   

Statistics of foreign trade in Algeria (Year 2018)

 

General trend

 

The Algerian foreign trade registered during the year 2018:

  • An overall import volume of 46.19 billion US Dollars which represents a very slight increase of 0.30% compared to the 2017 results.

  • An overall export volume of 41.17 billion US Dollars, which represents an increase of 16.98% compared to the results of 2017.


These statistics interpret a trade balance deficit during the year 2018 reaching 5.03 billion US Dollars.

 

These results reveal a coverage rate of imports by exports of 89% in 2018, compared to a rate of 76% in the year 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1-SUMMARY OF TRADE BALANCE RESULTS 

period: years ( 2005/2018*) :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2-Récapitulatif des résultats de la balance commerciale

période : année ( 2015/2018*) :

 

 

 

      

 

 

 

 

 

EVOLUTION OF FOREIGN TRADE:

 

by users group

 

Foreign trade evolution :

 

 1-     To the imports

Algerian imports increased slightly by 0.30% in 2018 compared to 2017, from 46.06 billion US Dollars to 46.19 billion US Dollars.

Their distribution by product groups during the year 2018, shows through the table below increases for the «goods of food consumption and non-food consumption» groups with the respective

parts of 1,60%, and 14.63 , and decreases for «goods intended for the production tool» with a proportion of 4.36%, and «capital goods» of 4.18%.

 

 


 
                               

 

                                                                             * PROVISIONAL RESULTS

 

 

 

 

2-     To  the export 

Hydrocarbons were our main exports abroad in 2018, with 93.13% of the total export volume, and a 15.26% increase compared to the year 2017.


Exports “outside hydrocarbons”, which are still marginal, with only 6.87% of the total export volume and representing 2.83 billion US Dollars, registered an increase of 46.63% compared to 2017.

 

 The groups of exported products, outside the hydrocarbons consist essentially of:

 

 

  • Half-products which represent 5.45% of the total export volume, corresponding to 2.24 billion US Dollars;

  • Food goods with a part of nearly 0.91% corresponding to 373 million US Dollars;

  • Industrial capital goods with a part of 0.22%, corresponding to the absolute value of 90 million US Dollars;

  • Gross products and non-food consumption goods with 0.22% and 0.08% respectively.



 

 

 

 

 

By economic region

 

By economic regions

 

Regarding the distribution by economic regions during 2018, the tables attached clearly show that the majority of our foreign trade is still focused on our traditional partners.


In fact, The OECD (The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and EU countries have significant parts, with almost 58.3% of our imports and 74.34% of our exports.

 

 

 

economic regions

IMPORTATION

EXPORTATION

Year

MN USD

Year

MN USD

2017

2018*

EVOL%

2017

2018*

EVOL%

 Union européene

20 298

21 099

3.95

20 386

23 654

16.03

 O.C.D.E

5 953

5 837 -6.56 6 465 6 950 7.50

 Autres pays d'europe

1 910

1 542 -19.27 40

40

0.00

 Amérique du sud

3 209 3 546 10.50 2 530 2 660 5.14

 Asie

12 369

11 557 -6.56 3 595 5 351 48.85

 Océanie

-

-

 -

-

-

-

 Pays Arabes

1 542

1 904 23.48 799 712

-10.89

 Pays du Maghreb

592

546

-7.77 1 273 1 669 31.11

 Pays d'Afrique

186

166 -10.75

103

132 28.16

TOTAL

46 059

46 197

0.30

35 191

41 168

16.95

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                       Source: CNIS (National Center for Customs Statistics

                                                                                                       * PROVISIONAL RESULTS

 

 1 /EUROPEAN UNION (EU)

 

The countries of the European Union are still the main partners of Algeria, with the respective proportions of 45.67% of imports and 57.46% of exports.

Compared to 2017, imports from the EU increased by 3.95% from 20.29 billion US Dollars in 2017 to 10 billion US Dollars in 2018, as well as Algeria’s exports to these countries, which

increased with 3.27 billion US Dollars, representing 16.03%.

 

Within this economic region, we notice that our main customer is Italy which absorbs more than 13.26% of our sales abroad, followed by Spain by 10.83% and France by 10.02%.



For the main suppliers, France ranks first among the EU countries with 10.35%, followed by Italy and Spain with a proportion of 7.91% and 7.65% of Algeria’s total imports during 2018.

 

 

2 / OECD COUNTRIES (non-EU)

 

OECD countries (outside the EU) are in the second position with a part of 12.64% of Algeria’s imports from these countries, and 16.88% of Algeria’s exports to these countries.


Compared to 2017, it is worth stating that exports to these OECD countries (outside the EU) increased from 6.46 billion US Dollars in 2017 to 6.95 billion US Dollars in 2018, representing

nearly 7.50%. On the other hand, Algeria’s imports from these countries recorded a slight decrease estimated at 116 million US dollars, representing (1.95%).



It should also be noted that the majority of Algeria’s trade with this region is with the U.S.A, followed by Turkey with the respective imports rates of 3.52 and 5% from these countries, and


9.37% and 5.63% for exports to these 
countries.

 

 

 

3 / THE OTHER REGIONS

Commercial exchanges between Algeria and the other regions are still characterized by small proportions.

 

  • The total volume of trade with Other European countries (outside the EU and the OECD) shows a decline in their market part of nearly 19% compared to 2017, from 1.95 billion


       dollars
in 2017 to 58 billionUS Dollars in 2018.

  • The countries of “Asia” show an increase of almost 5.91%, from 15.96 billion US Dollars to 16.91 billion US Dollars over the same periods.

  • The volume of trade with the Maghreb countries (U.M.A) recorded an appreciable increase of nearly 18.78% compared to 2017, from 1.86 billion US Dollars in 2017 to 2.21 billion US

       Dollars in 2018.

 

 

 

                                                                        

 

 

 

 

by mode of financing

 

By mode of financing

Imports during 2018 were financed by CASH at 59.56%, representing nearly 27.52 billion US Dollars and recording so a decrease of 2.05% compared to 2017. The credit lines financed

36.6% of the total volume of imports, representing an increase of 3.69%.



The rest of imports are reached through the use of other financial transfers at a rate of 3.84%, representing an absolute value of 1.77 billion US Dollars.

 


                                                                                                                                                                  

 

 

 

Main export Partners

 

 Main partners: 

 

             

 

For the year 2018, Algeria’s six (06) main clients were Italy (6.13 billion US Dollars), Spain (5 billion US Dollars), France (4.63 billion US Dollars), the USA (3.85 billion US Dollars),

Great Britain (2.77 billion US Dollars) and Turkey (2.31 billion US Dollars).

 

 

 

 

 

Main partners to imports

 

2.  Main suppliers


 

 

For the main suppliers, China ranks first with 16.99%, followed by France and Italy with the respective proportions of 10.35% and 7.91% of Algeria’s total imports during the year 2018.

 

 

 

 


Exchange rate

 

Years DA/USD DA/EURO
2001

77,2647

69,2002
2002

79,6850

75,3573

2003

77,3683

87,4644

2004

72,0653

89,6425

2005

73,3669

91,3211

2006

72,6459

91,2447

2007

69,3644

95,0012

2008

64,5810

94,8548

2009

72,6467

101,2979

2010

74,3199

103,4953

2011

72,8537

102,2154

2012

77,5519

77,5519

2013

79,3809

105,4374

2014  80.56  106.91
2015 100.46  111.44 
2016  109.47   121.18
2017 110,96 125,32
2018 116,62 137,69

                                                                                                  Source: Bank of Algeria

 

 

The Algerian Dinar average annual rate vs the US$ had a depreciation of 5.10%. The Algerian dinar average annual rate vs the US dollar was  116.62 USD/ DZD in 2018 vs  110.96 USD/ DZD in 2017.

The dinar average annual rate vs the euro has depreciated by 9.87% in 2018 compared to 2017, from 125.32 EUR / DZD in 2017 to 137.69 EUR / DZD in 2018.

 

 

 

 



 

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