Agriculture sector
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 New approach to agricultural policy : 

The three pillars of the policy Agricultural and Rural Renewal, desired as an instrument for the realization of food sovereignty, has three complementary components:

  • Agricultural Renewal;
  • rural renewal;
  • Human capacity development and technical support to the producers.

 Main asset of Algerian agriculture

  • Wide diversity of agricultural and climatic environments
  • slight recourse to chemicals;
  • big market (local and close to external markets: Mediterranean basin, African countries);
  • possibility to put in the market:
  •  a vast range of products;
  •  high quality products even organic.

 Incentive measures: : 

  • Introduction of seasonal credit R'fig the amount of which, granted to grain farmers exceeded 17 billion DA;
  • Allocation of subsidized loans amounting to 01 million dinarsper hectare  for land development and the creation of farms not exceeding 10 ha;
  • Allocation of subsidized loans of up to hundred million dinars (100 million DA) for concessionaires operating profit of over 10 hectares and any other beneficiary of the credit Ettahadi;
  • Establishment of a guarantee scheme for bank loans to farmers.

The number of projects registered at ANDI for the period 2002-2012 in agriculture is 612 projects.

Amount: Million of DZD.

   SECTOR OF ACTIVITY  
   NUMBER OF PROJECTS  
AMOUNT   NUMBERS OF JOBS  
agriculture 612 56 539 43 361

 

Agricultur fields

1- Cereals:

Current situation :                                                                                                            

  • Production for 2010 :45 million quintals                                                                                                
  • Imports for 2011: 2.75 billion USD            

Production perspectives for 2015 :

  • Food needs for  a population of 37.8 million of inhabitants: 80 million quintals;

  • Expected production:                                                                  

  •   1 st   variant : 54 million quintals (68%) ;           
  •   2 nd  variant : 67 million quintals (84%) ;
  •   3 rd  variant : 80 million quintals (100%)
  • Conditions : additional mobilisation need of irrigation resources for 260 000 hectares and 510 000 hectares (2nd and 3rd variant).

The number of projects registered at ANDI for the period 2002-2012 in the production of cereals is 23 projects.

Amount: Million of DZD.

   SECTOR OF ACTIVITY  
   NUMBER OF PROJECTS  
AMOUNT   NUMBERS OF JOBS  
cereal 23 6 646 713

 2- Milk:                                 

Current situation:

  • Local production: 2.24 billion litres, 1.2 billion litres of which is cow’s milk
  • Imports 2010: 265 thousand tons equivalent of 901.84 million USD of milk powder;

Production perspectives for 2015 :

  • 1sthypothesis : Production of 1.9 billion litres collected and manufactured (50% of demand) with 385 000 cows and bringing under cultivation 538 000 hectares of forage
  • 2ndhypothesis: Production of 3.8 billion litres collected and manufactured, (Total cover of demand) with 619 000 cows and bringing under cultivation 884 000 hectares of forage to be taken from fallow land.

The number of registered projects for the period 2002-2010 in the business of milk production is 295 projects.

Amount: Million of DZD.

   SECTOR OF ACTIVITY  
   NUMBER OF PROJECTS  
AMOUNT   NUMBERS OF JOBS  
Milk  295 56 186 10 274

 

3- Potatoes :

 Potato consumption : Production for 2010 : 30 million of quintals 

 Perspectives for 2015 : Production : 40 million of quintals  (100kg/hab).

 Seeds of potatoes:

  • Production for 2010 : 200.000 tons ;
  • Imports for 2010 : 116 650 thousand tons equivalent of USD75.87 Million.

4- Olive Oil: 

Current situation:

  • Production: 1.416 million quintals of olives which are distributed as follows: 1.129 million quintals of table olives and 289,786 quintals of olive of  oil which should   give a production of olive oil of 14 406 tons

  • Imports 2010: almost zero;

  • Current ration: 1 kg / capita / year

Production perspectives for 2015 :

  • Objectives : 1.380.000 quintals ;

  • Availabilities : 3,65 Kg/hab/year.

Putting into production new orchards within the framework of National Plan of Rural and Agricultural Development with a moderate extension (31 000 inhabitants) will allow  reaching these targets without difficulties. Given the pressure on water resources, extension of olive grove is planned while dried.Worldwide important opportunities of exports.

 

4- Other vegetable oil:

Current situation:

  • Imports 2010: 1580 thousand tons 955.34 Million USD equivalent;
  • Ration: 20Kg/hab/an
  • production: 115.000 Tons of rapeseed oil;
  • Coverage rate : 20% of demand of food oils;
  • Area under cultivation/rape: (200.000 hectares) to take from fallow lands (rain higher than 400 mm)

 The number of registered projects for the period 2002-2010 in the oil production is 159 projects.

Amount: Million of DZD.

   SECTOR OF ACTIVITY  
   NUMBER OF PROJECTS  
AMOUNT   NUMBERS OF JOBS  
Oil factory 159 29 370 2 975

 

5- White meats and mutton:

Current situation:

  • Production: 300 000 tons of red meats and 260 000 tons of white meats;
  • Imports 2010: 52 thousand tons of meat equivalent to 147.11million USD;
  • Total Availabilities (white and red meats): 19 kg/inhabitant/year among which 11.1 kg of red meats.

Production perspectives for 2015 :

  • Production of: 425 000 tons of red meats and 625 000 tons of white meats;
  • Total availabilities: 27.7 kg/inhabitant/year, 16.5 kg of which are white meats that is to say a daily ration of 76 gr/inhabitant;
  • Imports: 1.4 million tons of corn and 682 000 tons of Soya bean.

The number of registered projects for the period 2002-2010 in cattle and sheep breeding activity is 59 projects.

Amount: Million of DZD.

   SECTOR OF ACTIVITY  
   NUMBER OF PROJECTS  
AMOUNT   NUMBERS OF JOBS  
sheep and bovin fattening 59 4 785 719

 

Volume of imports and exports of the Algerian market (year2010):

             Product                          Imports           Million USD     
Wheat         5 232 370 T         1251,59
Potatoes           116 650 T          75 ,87
Apple           113 550 T          66, 27
Banana
          207 860 T          105 ,56
Corn          2 783 090T           637,65

 

             Product                          Exports           Million USD     
Date            16 040 T          22,62
Onion and shallot             2 380 T           2,86
truffles              260T            2,2
barley           10 990 T            1,5

High Schools and training centers and institutions: 

  • Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire, Algiers
  • Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique, Algiers
  • CFPA-96 centers providing diploma courses (CAP) in the branches of agriculture (horticulture, arboriculture, apiculture,horticulture, nursery and livestock).
  • INSFP: 14 institutes providing diploma courses (Technician Certificate or senior technician) in the branches of agriculture(horticulture, arboriculture, field crops, vegetables, and livestock)

   

                           

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