ICT sector (Uptaded April 2017)
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The progress in the sector of Communication and Information Technologies become increasingly determining for the construction of an efficient economy based on the knowledge and information.

The Algerian State has, therefore, put the Information and Communication Technologies development (ICTs) at the center of economic and social development strategies and policies.

Thus, according to its achievements and use of new technologies, Algeria was ranked the third most dynamic country in the world, by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the highest international telecommunications body, and positioned it among countries which have made "substantial progress" in the development of information and communication technologies.

 

In fact, important achievements have been made in this sector whose principal ones concern:

 

The optical fiber link  Algiers / In Guezzam:

 

The optical fiber link Algiers - Ain Guezzam, until the border with Niger, is integral part of the optical fiber link Algiers (Algeria) – Zinder (Niger) - Abuja (Nigeria).

This project that is initiated within the framework of the NEPAD is intended to make available this infrastructure for these three countries, and neighboring countries, and to provide a communication towards Europe through landing points in Algeria, via submarine optical fiber cables.

This link will be strengthened and secured through the realization of at least two different routes to ensure redundancy and continuity of services in case of cable dysfunction.

 

The submarine optical fiber link Oran / Valence:

 

The implementation of the submarine optical fiber link (ORVAL), linking Oran to Valence with a capacity of 100 Gbps and with a length of 563 Km, represents a strategic technological investment which will reinforce access to high-quality network services such as the two existing cables, namely SMW4, linking Annaba to Marseille and Alpal2, linking Algiers to Palma.

 

Mobile telephony:

As regards mobile telephony, this booming sector is marked by an emulation stimulated by three operators competing in the market, now totaling close to 45 million subscribers with increasingly diversified offers, at competitive costs.

The 3G technology mobile telephony, which has been in operation since 2014, has been gradually deployed throughout the country, and by 2016 it has expanded to 4G technology, which is growing rapidly, making digital life easier to many companies and citizens because of the very high speed that characterizes this 4th generation technology.

 

Telecommunications by satellite:

 

As a complement to the terrestrial and submarine networks, several actions and measures have been carried out or are under way in the field of satellite telecommunications, based in particular on the implementation of a set of platforms, offering users a multitude of solutions in terms of telecommunications and service by satellite (VSAT, IP phone, Videoconferencing, Geo localization).

 

In matter of space communications:

In addition to the three already operational satellites, Algeria will launch in 2017 the Alcomsat-1 satellite, which will allow Internet connection throughout the national territory, including the most landlocked regions. This satellite will support, during the disturbance phases on the optical fiber, the connection continuity and this, at reduced costs.

 

Other areas requiring a contribution for the ICTs development:

 

- The development of the digital economy

- Technology Parks (Innovation R & D and the ICT industry)

-  Electronic banking

-  Introduction of e-Learning and Logistics Transport

-  Telemedicine

-  Electronic certification

-  Data banks security systems

-  Postal service modernization

-  Antennas and satellites

-  Space infrastructures

-  Expertise and training

-  The computerization of the public service (e-administration)