State of achievements  2002-2012 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Methodology of approach

In order to strengthen the Agency's mission of "Monitoring", it was launched soon the beginning of 2008 as a diagnostic test, an operation on a comprehensive investigation concerning global assessment of the state of progress of investment projects declared and the field of observation of which covers the period 2002-2008.

The choice of this time interval is not accidental and was decided according to the chronology of the texts establishing the transition from the former APSI to ANDI in late 2001 and also the amendments of 2006 established to the Ordinance 01 - 03 and to measure the effects of the system and possibly draw lessons in terms of corrections to be made to the "Monitoring" process internally, but also externally with other actors and in order to limit or mitigate the organizational dysfunctions. This investigation involved a laborious work team based on the intersection of several databases to highlight the results in a way refined as well as realistic.

For this purpose, the data of the Decentralized One Stop Shops were correlated at several levels (Trade Register, taxes services, investment declaration, progress reports, etc ...) and in order to bring coherence to the work of data collection in accordance with the Office of Decentralized One Stop Shops Monitoring and coordination of the Agency which helped ensure monitoring and traceability of investment files and an exhaustive presentation of achievements in matter of investment.

Also, the data analysis will be more focused on the major trends of developments recorded during the selected period 2002-2012.

It goes without saying that consolidations made in this comprehensive review of achievements is undoubtedly closer to reality and the balance is stopped in June 2013.

These results were presented at the information day organized by ANDI for other administrations that are ANDI’s partners (Service of Taxes, Customs and Trade register center) to raise awareness of the stakes involved in such operation which requires a participatory and ongoing collaboration in accordance with the provisions of Ordinance No. 06-08 of 15 July 2006

key figures

The observation launched during the month of June 2013 on the level of achievement of investment projects declared at the ANDI during the period 2002 to 2013 reveals the following:

 

 

Data about the results of the observation.

 

We get from a total of responses (35,177 projects) the following results:

  • 32.004 achieved projects representing 91%
  • 2.580 not started yet projects representing 7%
  • 593 abandoned projects representing 2%

 

Data about the achievements

Globally

  • 32.004 achieved projects representing 91%
  • 2547 billion DA about 31.8 billion US $
  • about 300 000 created jobs.

Of which foreign

  • 410 achieved foreign investment project ,
  • 803 billion DA representing 1/3 of the cahieved investment.     
  • 42.959 jobs generated for foreign (14%).             

Foreign investors generally choose first the industry sector (56% in number, 74% in financials and 57% in jobs created) comparing to all sectors of activities.

There are also other areas of interest in the sectors of services, BTPH (38% all together in terms of number of projects), Transport and Tourism (5% all together). Jobs generated in these four sectors participate together in a proportion of 41% comparing to the global structure.

The least interesting areas even less invested by foreign investors are the Agriculture and Health where projects are numbered by unit.

In summary, this reflects in many ways the general resentment of foreigners to want to work on industrial projects with high added cost and short cycle to the detriment of projects of long return. Agriculture, Tourism and Health.


Main features

In terms of evolution

22% of the  projects were achieved in 2009

 

The evolution by year of investments in many projects over the period considered, started from 1% in 2002 to reach a peak in a upward trend of 22% in 2009 and keeping a cap of 11% over the consecutive years of 2010 and 2011 and finally finish on 6% in 2012.

In financial values and jobs generated, the same evolutionary trends are observed according to the years.

In terms of type of achieved projects

The new creation represents 59% in terms of number of projects, 65% by volume and 59% in terms of generated jobs

Investments made follow a logical and customary progression which place in descending order and at the overall lead investments in "Creation" for 2/3 of all parameters while investments in "Extension" occupy almost 1/3 of the overall structure.

Investments of "Rehabilitation-Extension" and "rehabilitation" type occur at 2% each, and finally investments made in "Restructuring and Privatization-Extension" with negligible scores representing less than 1% compared to the whole and that in all measurement parameters.

In summary, these data actually reflect well the preference of investors for new investments or expansions to the detriment of other types that are more concerned largely by the public sector by recent manner following the decisions of the Government to rehabilitate certain industrial sectors of strategic production while privatization does not seem to have the desired results.

The recent idea of launching the mixed sector on investments to be made between the public sector and the domestic private sector seems to be a more attractive option for both parties.

In terms of legal statu

 Projects are carried out by private companies

It was noted a very strong influence of the private sector to the detriment of public sector projects with 31,638 (99%) garnering financial values of the order of 1,378,385 million AD and generating 264,964 jobs.

In contrast, the public sector contributes around 328 projects only but still marked by significant financial values of the order of 777 billion dinars, about half of the private sector because likely to be characterized by major projects.

Finally, the mixed sector with only 38 projects also involved in financial values for more than half compared to the public sector that’s to say 391 billion dinars.

Regarding the jobs generated, by legal sector, we also point out the same trend with in the first position the private sector with 264,964 jobs that’s to say 89% overall, while the public sector intervenes with 31,024 jobs representing 10% and finally at the last position the mixed sector generates 3,127 jobs, representing only 1%

In terms of sectors

  62 % of the amounts of investments are made in the area of Industy.

The classification of investments made during this period, by sector, shows undeniably the almost dominance at all levels (number, amount of funding, jobs created) of the sector of Industries with respectively (11%, 62% and 35%) followed by industry of building and public works (BTP) (18%, 9% and 34%) and Services (9%, 13% and 12%).

For the industrial sectors, it is namely the sectors of Agro-food, chemistry & Plastic and wood & Paper as well as a resumption of textiles and Leather and skins and finally Building Materials and Glass.

Water and Energy marked by major public projects involved on large amounts of money as well as the Telecommunications on major investments.

Transport, a defector and relatively contrasted sector occupies a large number of small projects (58%) for financial values that are equivalent to BTPH (9%) and employment almost equal to services sector (15%).

Other sectors such as Agriculture, Health, Tourism and Trade participate in a range of 1 to 2% by number of projects.

However, the tourism sector records a net evolution in the financial amounts (55%).

In terms of location

 67% of investment projects are concentrated in the region of the north of the country

Investments by region show geographically that the North of the country (North Central, North East and North West) are more attractive and that given the inherited peculiarities of town Planning. They concentrate 67% of the number of investments projects in the country.

However, other regions namely Highlands East and South East come in an intermediate position with respectively 11% each, of the projects achieved.

Other regions lagging behind in the past, and seem to emerge thanks to the continued efforts made by the public authorities by providing infrastructure and necessary equipment but also incentives provided in their favor (notwithstanding derogatory scheme) for their territorial and economic rebalancing. These regions are the Central Highlands, West Central Highlands and the South West which are affected of 3 to 4% each in terms of projects.

The Great South by its scope and specificity brushes with less than 1% by number of projects.

In summary, the same trends for the other parameters (Financials values and jobs created) are observed, with one important remark is to emphasize on the fact that the inland areas are increasingly present and thanks to the recent beneficial measures taken by the Authorities (access to land, access to finance) that will make a medium-term evolution of a remarkable investment for these intermediate regions when they will reach a critical mass representing 3000 projects.

In terms of projects importance

 Investments of less than 10 million AD ranks first with 65% in terms of number of projects and only 3% in terms of amounts

In financial values investments observe a reversed trend for the same classes over the previous structure:

-       Class of less than 10 Million DA : 3%

-       Class from 10 to 50 million DA : 6%

-       Class from 50 to 200 million DA : 9%

-       Class from 200 to 500 Million DA : 9%

-       Class from 500 to 1.500 Million DA : 10%

-       Classe of more than 1.500 Million DA : 62%

In jobs generated scores are roughly balanced with the benefit of the intermediate class (50 to 200 million DA) that takes a slight upward:

-       Class of less than 10 Million DA : 12%

-       Classe from 10 to 50 million DA : 20%

-       Classe from 50 to 200 million DA : 25%

-       Classe from 200 to 500 Million DA : 19%

-       Classe from 500 to 1.500 Million DA : 11%

-       Classe of more than 1.500 Million DA : 13%

In summary, this reflects in many ways the preponderance in micro-businesses and SMEs emergence that characterize investments made during this long period of observation without neglecting major projects regarding their financial weight.


Distribution of achieved investment projects

According to the years of this period

Years

Number of projects

%

Amount in million of DA

%

 Jobs

%

2 002

443

1%

67 839

3%

24 092

8%

2 003

1 369

4%

235 944

9%

20 533

7%

2 004

767

2%

200 706

8%

16 446

5%

2 005

777

2%

115 639

5%

17 581

6%

2 006

1 990

6%

319 513

13%

30 463

10%

2 007

4 092

13%

351 165

14%

51 345

17%

2 008

6 375

20%

670 528

26%

51 812

17%

2 009

7 013

22%

229 017

9%

30 425

10%

2 010

3 670

11%

122 521

5%

23 462

8%

2 011

3 628

11%

156 729

6%

24 806

8%

2 012

1 880

6%

77 240

3%

8 150

3%

TOTAL

32 004

100%

2 546 840

100%

299 115

100%

According to the legal status

LEGAL STATUS

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

AMOUNT IN MILLION OF DA

 JOBS

PRIVATE

31 638

1 378 385

264 964

PUBLIC

328

777 220

31 024

JOINT VENTURE

38

391 235

3 127

TOTAL

32 004

2 546 840

299 115

According to the origin of the capital

By type of investment

TYPE OF INVESTMENT  

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

%

AMOUNT MILLION OF DA

%

  JOBS

%

CREATION

18 990

59%

1 651 042

65%

115 033

38%

EXTENSION

12 799

40%

807 705

32%

179 362

60%

REHABILITATION

192

1%

44 364

2%

3 673

1%

REHABILITATION-EXTENSION

20

0%

43 111

2%

777

0%

RESTRUCTURING

1

0%

2

0%

17

0%

PRIVATIZATION-EXTENSION

2

0%

617

0%

253

0%

TOTAL

32 004

100%

2 546 840

100%

299 115

100%

According to slices of gathered amounts

SLICE OF AMOUNT

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

%

AMOUNT IN MILLION OF DA

%

  JOBS

%

Less than 10 MILLION

20 816

65%

89 023

3%

37 210

12%

10 to 50 MILLION

7 534

24%

161 261

6%

61 318

20%

50 to 200 MILLION

2 466

8%

241 150

9%

73 469

25%

200 to 500 MILLION

726

2%

226 995

9%

56 569

19%

500 to 1 500 MILLION

308

1%

250 684

10%

31 629

11%

Plus to 1 500 MILLION

154

0%

1 577 727

62%

38 920

13%

TOTAL

32 004

100%

2 546 840

100%

299 115

100%

According to the regions

REGIONS

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

%

AMOUNT IN MILLION OF DA

%

 JOBS

%

NORTH CENTRE

13 157

41%

1 035 564

42%

145 017

50%

NORTHWEST

3 804

12%

735 342

30%

39 971

13%

NORTH EAST

4 723

14%

342 756

13%

41 922

14%

WEST HIGHLANDS

931

3%

31 520

1%

7 762

3%

HIGHLANDS CENTRE

1 369

4%

105 653

4%

9 121

3%

HIGHLANDS EAST

3 317

11%

134 273

5%

26 107

8%

SOUTHWEST

942

3%

41 388

2%

3 908

1%

SOUTH EAST

3 617

11%

108 515

4%

23 491

8%

DEEP SOUTH

144

0%

11 829

0%

1 816

1%

TOTAL

32 004

100%

2 546 840

100%

299 115

100%

According to sectors of activity

SECTORS OF ACTIVITY

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

%

AMOUNT IN MILLION OF DA

%

  JOBS

%

TRANSPORT

18 697

58%

233 667

9%

46 079

15%

BUILDING, PUBLIC WORKS

5 900

18%

226 627

9%

100 991

34%

INDUSTRIES

3 445

11%

1 569 597

62%

103 660

35%

SERVICES

2 844

9%

328 947

13%

35 147

12%

AGRICULTURE

491

2%

23 657

1%

5 139

2%

HEALTH

430

1%

25 711

1%

4 582

2%

TOURISM

195

1%

135 595

5%

3 517

1%

TRADE

2

0%

3 040

0%

0

0%

TOTAL

32 004

100%

2 546 840

100%

299 115

100%

DISTRIBUTION OF ACHIEVED FOREIGN INVESTMENT PROJECTS

SECTORS OF ACTIVITY

NUMBER OF PROJECTS

%

AMOUNT IN MILLION OF DA

%

  JOBS

%

INDUSTRIES

220

56%

599 200

74%

23 450

57%

SERVICES

97

23%

167 118

21%

10 363

24%

BUILDING,PUBLIC WORKS

63

15%

12 082

1%

6 698

14%

TRANSPORT

16

4%

3 991

0%

505

1%

AGRICULTURE

6

1%

887

1%

82

2%

HEALTH

5

1%

6 192

0%

737

0%

TOURISM

3

1%

13 587

2%

1 124

1%

TOTAL

410

100%

803 057

100%

42 959

100%


 

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